In an unprecedented move, Hamas and the Israeli government have taken bold steps to change the face of the conflict and the Middle East. Hamas has declared that it will lay down its arms, and in a show of good-faith, they are filling in all their tunnels. The Israeli public has reacted with shock and disbelief. Israel, not to be outdone, has announced the dismantlement of its nuclear and chemical weapons, and calls for a regional convention on nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The Palestinian public is waiting to see evidence of Israel’s weapon dismantlement.